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What is HIV? What is AIDS?

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is just a clinical diagnosis. If your T-cell count is below 200 or if you get a certain type of infection, that is considered AIDS.

You can still get to be virally suppressed and actually you can get to a point where your T-cell count can be so high that you’re not really considered to have AIDS anymore.

Dr. David Malebranche, MD, MPH, a clinician-researcher specializing in HIV, gives the lowdown on all things HIV care and treatment in the latest installment of the #AskTheHIVDoc video series.


#AskTheHIVDoc is a video series from Greater Than HIV featuring top HIV doctors providing answers to commonly-asked questions about HIV prevention, testing and treatment.

This information is shared for educational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice. The views expressed are those of the featured medical professional and reflect information available to that professional at time of filming. Always consult a health care provider for any personal health decision.

While we make every effort to keep the medical information on our website updated, we cannot guarantee that the information reflects the most up-to-date research. Also, please note the views expressed by individuals who appear in Greater Than HIV videos and other content are their own and are not made on behalf of any groups/organizations/associations.